Painful menstruation: Menstruation which is a regular occurrence in adult females is the discharging of blood and mucosal tissues from the lining of the uterus from the vagina once every month. Menstruation last about 2 to 7 days before it stops, though normal period should be 4 days. The first menstruation that occur after the pubertal growth, which is called Menarche normally start from 12 years, though in some it starts earlier like from 8 years of age while in some it start late like from 15 year . This regular period continue every month until the person reaches menopause. At menopause there will be nothing like menstruation again. In most females, menopause occurs from 45 years of their age or above. During pregnancy also menstruation does not occur but, after birth though not immediately
When menstruation does not occur at 15 years of a woman age or for 90 day is called Amenorrhea.
Menstruation also occurs in animals like Monkey, Ape, and Elephant.
Many women experience discomforts during or before menstruations, from 2-3 three days to their menstruation. This discomfort could come from painful menstruation or abnormal bleeding.
The symptoms of premenstrual syndromes are. Tender breast, bloating, tiredness, acne, irritability, and change of mood. These symptoms are severe in about 40% of women.
Menstrual cycle: It is the period between menstruation and the next menstruation. The menstrual cycle is being controlled by hormone called estrogen.
Cause of painful menstruation
- Cervical stenosis. This is a situation where the cervix of a woman is small and limits the menstrual flow.
- Uterine Fibroid: it a tumor, but noncancerous growth in the wall of uterus. This can also cause painful, heavy and prolonged period.
- Pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID). It is a sexual transmitted infections, cause by bacteria.
- Endometriosis: This is situation where layers of tissues which cover the inside of the uterus grow out side, instead of the inside of the uterus.
- Andenomyosis: this is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows into the muscular wall of uterus. This make the uterine wall grows thicker, and eventually lead to heavy and longer menstrual bleeding
- Infections: sexual transmitted diseases can also cause painful menstruation.
- Irregular menstruation
- Stress and anxiety
Symptoms of painful menstruation
- Low back pains
- Leg pains
- Weakness and
Remedies for painful menstruation
Pains during menstruation can be relief of, using anti-inflammation medications, like ibuprofen and naproxen. To maximize the effectiveness of the medicines, it should be taken before and you can continue during menstruation as long as necessary.
But if you suspect that the menstrual pains are caused by uterine Fibroid, endometriosis, adenomyosis, polyps, ovarian cysts, go and see your doctor immediately for proper solution.
How to prevent menstrual pain
To prevent painful menstruation you may do the following:
- Stop smoking
- Stop taking too much alcohol
- Do your regular exercise
- Treat infections well, if you have any
- Maintain a moderate weight.
- Go for surgery, if it is caused by uterine fibroid, endometriosis or adenomyosis
Note that some painful menstruation are normal, that they are not caused by any infection or abnormality. This kind of period pains needs only pain-relief, before and during menstruation as the case may be, unlike the one caused by infections, uterine fibroid